What is diabetes? - bookowa.com

What is diabetes?

Jared G. Cooley
Written by Jared G. Cooley

Diabetes is a life-changing medical condition that causes high than normal blood glucose levels. Diabetes happens when your body can not make or use its insulin, insulin produced by special cells within the pancreas (innate cells). The cells are unable to respond to the insulin in any way, and therefore, glucose builds up in your body and leads to further health problems. Some of the symptoms you may have to deal with if you have diabetes are weight gain, blurred vision, frequent urination, poor appetite, depression, fatigue, frequent infections, heart disease, and even kidney failure.


The symptoms of diabetes vary depending on how much blood sugar rises. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may sometimes have no symptoms. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to onset quickly and become more severe.

Some symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes include:

  • thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • The presence of ketones in the urine (when insulin is insufficient, ketones are by-products of muscle and fat breakdown)
  • Frequent infections, such as gum or skin infections and vaginal infections
  • blindness
  • nerve damage
  • organ damage
  • heart problems
  • fatigue
  • irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Chronic sores

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, although it usually appears in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes is the more common type and can develop at any age, although it is more common in people over 40.

When to see a doctor?

When should you call your doctor about having your cholesterol checked? If you know the answer to these questions, you may want to call your doctor regularly for blood glucose and lipid levels checks as soon as possible, although you can check your cholesterol at home once a year. When do you need to call your doctor about having your cholesterol checked? Your doctor may want to do a screening test for high cholesterol to find out if you have prediabetes or any other complications of diabetes that need to be monitored.

Do you see frequent urination as a symptom of diabetes? If you don’t see frequent urination as a sign of diabetes, but you have lost a lot of weight recently, you may be a high-risk candidate for prediabetes. Also, if you smoke or have had other heart problems in the past, you may be at a greater risk for diabetes.

Healthy food and diabetes

A recent study shows that people with diabetes may lower their risk of having a stroke or heart attack if they eat a healthy diet. This is good news for everyone, but especially those with Type II diabetes, which is considered a risk factor for both of these illnesses. The study concluded that when a person consumes healthy food, the body produces a hormone called insulin, which helps control blood glucose levels. If the body does not get enough insulin, the pancreas and intestines’ cells will overcompensate, leading to excessive amounts of glucose being produced and eventually to diabetes.

Researchers examined data on 5 million Americans over five years to see what type of healthy eating and diabetes influenced the risk of stroke and heart attacks. They found that people who ate more healthy foods and exercised were less likely to develop stroke or heart problems. This is the first study of its kind to find a positive correlation between healthy eating and diabetes. Previous studies had shown a low correlation, but some studies have shown a higher correlation. It is unknown if this is due to sampling size, diet, length of time studied, or some other factor, so the current study offers hope to those with diabetes.

Mountford is an area near Boston, where many residents are diagnosed with diabetes. It has the highest rate of diabetes in the city of Boston, so it was important for the researchers to observe Mountford residents’ health before and after they began urging healthier eating and living. Data from the Mountford Study showed a significant decrease in the risk of fatal stroke in the group that ate a healthy diet and exercised daily. It also showed a lower heart disease rate and a decline in strokes among people with diabetes.

About the author

Jared G. Cooley

Jared G. Cooley

Content crafter at Bookowa. I swim, cycle and run a lot. When I'm not doing all those, I love read and try new things.

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