What Is Arthritis? - bookowa.com

What Is Arthritis?

Jared G. Cooley
Written by Jared G. Cooley

1) What Is Arthritis?


Arthritis is inflammation of any or all joints in the human body. The two most commonly diagnosed forms are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the hands, feet and knees; while osteoarthritis affects the hips, spine, knees, elbows, fingers and even the hands and feet. Osteoarthritis usually begins in one joint but can affect multiple joints at once if not treated.

2) What causes arthritis

There is no one cause of arthritis, but a number of diseases and conditions have been suspects. Exposure to joint inflammation during childhood has been linked to adult cases of arthritis, as well as certain infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and bacterial infections.

3) What are the symptoms of arthritis?

The symptoms of arthritis are diverse and depend upon which joint is affected. Common symptoms include swelling, redness, joint stiffness, localized pain, fatigue and limited mobility.

4) What can be done to treat it?

Treatment of arthritis varies depending on the location and severity of the condition. Sometimes, simple steps such as resting the affected joint and limiting activity can help relieve symptoms.

In more severe cases, a physician may recommend surgery or a combination of treatments to eliminate the problem areas and prevent future joint inflammation. Some of the treatments used to treat this disorder include medications, physical therapy, surgery, cortisone injections and the use of a splint, brace or other immobilizing device.

5) What are the causes for this disorder?

Researchers have not identified a cause for this disorder. It has been suspected that genetics may play a role in causing it. Studies have shown that patients who suffer from the symptoms of arthritis tend to be of Mediterranean or Caucasian descent.

Patients of black race, Hispanic race or patients with Alzheimer’s disease have been found to have a greater risk of developing symptoms.

6) How Is Arthritis Treated?

Treatments for this disorder depend upon the severity of the condition, which can range from mild to severe. Often times, pain medications are used to alleviate arthritis symptoms. Therapy is often used to reduce joint inflammation. Medications such as steroids, pain relievers and joint inflammation supplements may be prescribed.

7) Types

The term Arthritis refers to a large number of conditions. Many of these conditions have symptoms that are similar to what we commonly call arthritis. In fact, some of the symptoms of Arthritis can be mistaken as other conditions. It is therefore imperative that a person suffering from any type of arthritis seek medical help immediately.

8) Rheumatoid Arthritis

This type of arthritis is characterized by inflammation of the joints. Symptoms may include stiffness, swelling, redness, and a loss of joint function. Diagnosis of this condition is based on medical history, a physical examination and the presence of signs or symptoms that appear to be of rheumatoid arthritis.

Treatment options for this disorder include surgery, immobilization of affected joints, taking drugs, or a combination of these treatments. Anti-inflammatory medications are usually recommended to relieve pain and discomfort.

9) Osteoarthritis

This disorder is also known as Degenerative Joint Disease (DMD). Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects the bone. Symptoms include swelling, stiffness, decreased movement, and a loss of joint function. Diagnosis is done using X-rays and MRI technology. Treatments include physical therapy, pain management, anti-inflammatory medications, and a diet plan.

10) Systemic

Systemic arthritis is most common in those over 50 years old and is characterized by pain that affects the entire body. This type of arthritis is difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific laboratory tests. Treatment options include anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injections, and joint immobilization.

11) Rheumatoid Arthritis

This disorder is also known as Non-steroidal Degeneration (NSAIDs). NSAIDs are anti-inflammatory medications. This medicine is used to reduce swelling in the joints. Side effects may include stomachache, fever, and vomiting. Other side effects can include joint discoloration and increase in weight

12) Osteoporosis

This condition is usually associated with old age. Osteoporosis causes bones to become thin and brittle. It is diagnosed when symptoms are noticed. Treatments may also include medications such are anti-inflammatories, calcium, and antioxidants which are somehow the most common treatments between many types of arthritis.

About the author

Jared G. Cooley

Jared G. Cooley

Content crafter at Bookowa. I swim, cycle and run a lot. When I'm not doing all those, I love read and try new things.

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